Our skin is a seamless organ that protects our body from infection, but throughout our lives, we all have experiences that injure our skin and may leave behind scars. How badly you scar depends on many factors including the depth and size of the wound, your age, heredity, your health, even your sex and ethnicity.
While no medi-aesthetic clinic can guarantee complete removal of scarring, in most cases the correct treatment can significantly reduce the appearance of the scar and improve skin texture.
What causes scarring?
When our skin tissue becomes wounded, our body produces collagen to heal or replace lost or damaged skin. This occurs during a complicated three phase process of inflammation, proliferation and maturation. The result of this natural healing process often leaves us with a scar that may appear raised, sunken, lumpy, smooth, red and even itchy. Unfortunately, not all scars are welcome, and many people choose to seek treatment for the appearance of unwanted, visible scars.
Types of scarring
There are four main types of scars, including atrophic scars, keloid scars, hypertrophic scars and contracture scars.
Atrophic scars are caused by the destruction of collagen during an inflammatory condition such as acne and are most often depressed or sunken in appearance. These indentations can be further categorised into the following three types:
- Ice pick scars (small, narrow and often deep)
- Boxcar scars (flat in the middle with a defined border)
- Rolling scars (no distinct edges, wavelike in appearance)
These scars extend beyond the original injury site and become thickened, protruding from the skin. Depending on the severity and where the scar is located on the body, it may also affect mobility.
These are raised and red scars that are similar to keloid scars, but do not extend beyond the boundaries of the injury site.
Contracture scars are generally caused by burns, which results in a tightening of the skin and can impair your ability to move. Additionally, this type of scar may go deeper and affect the muscles and nerves below.
Treatments for scarring
At Australian Skin Clinics, we offer several options for the treatment of scars, with the most popular treatment options being Fractional RF or Fraxel Laser. In some cases, cosmetic injectables may be used as a possible treatment for some types of scarring. Your technician/cosmetic injector will tailor a treatment plan depending on the type, location and severity of your scarring. Please note: our treatments focus on repairing the appearance of scarring and cannot repair mobility issues or deeper underlying damage. Listed treatments are only a guide and may not be suitable for you.